What is the 5G Technology and Its Significance?
The 5G network is primarily a new data transmission technology that allows for more stable and faster transmission from a much larger number of devices.
In an interview with Niezalezna.pl, the Minister of Digital Affairs Marek Zagórski explained that “5G is primarily a new data transmission technology that allows for more stable and faster transmission from a much larger number of devices.”
Thus, it allows such full use of the Internet and greater sophistication and use of telecommunications networks to control various systems and the use of these systems. Sometimes the 5G network is called “all networks”. It is extremely important from the point of view of business development, economy and functioning of cities added.
The head of the ministry of digitization pointed out that “the 5G network is also much more opportunities when it comes to talks of the smart city idea, at least because we are talking about data transmission from at least a million devices per square kilometer, but also a completely different technological dimension.”
Speaking about the declaration signed today by Pence and Morawiecki, Marek Zagórski explained that “this declaration is really an emphasis and confirmation of the situation we have in this area.”
Given the importance and potential of 5G transmission, we must look at the effects and benefits for economic development, but also at the threats – this is happening today, if we look at how many devices depend on data transmission, it is always in the first place, in addition to the benefits, there must be security.
We cooperate with our NATO allies in this area and intend to cooperate, and 5G network security is one of the most important elements now, but mainly in the future emphasized the minister.
How will the 5G network work?
On the hardware side, the 5G network will work similarly to today’s 4G networks – assures the Ministry of Digitization in the “Guidebook”. The base will be base stations equipped with modern antennas capable of 5G data transmission.
On the physical side, the radio transmission method is the same as for 4G / LTE. At the same time, it is impossible to talk about 5G networks, not to mention optical fibers.
It must be remembered that every base station in the 5G network will have to be connected to the fiber optic to achieve unprecedented speed in radio communication and bandwidth.
New frequencies and transmitters:
The government explains that for the 5G network to work properly, new frequencies need to be allocated. In the context of 5G networks, the 700 MHz, 3.4-3.8 GHz bands are taken into account, and in the future also 26 GHz.
“These are the frequencies that we are already using in telecommunications, for transmitting television signals or in radio lines” – explains the Ministry of Digitization. He adds that without the availability of new frequencies, there is a risk of a radical drop in internet speed under 4G.
Another issue is the need to build new antennas. Over time, 5G technology will use radio waves, including in the 26 GHz band, which have different applications so far, and at the same time have a “shorter-range”.
“In the 5G network, we replace one powerful antenna with a few small transmitters, which will be found, for example, on streetlights or stops. Due to the fact that there will be more of them, they will be able to operate with much less power” – explains MC.
5G network and health:
In the context of the 5G network, there are questions about the impact on human health. 5G technology, like previous generations of cellular communication, uses electromagnetic waves. Their impact on people and the environment has been studied and is constantly monitored.
From the point of view of physics and biology, the impact on humans is no different from the impact of other devices using radio waves. Some of them, such as cell phones, have been with us for over twenty years, others – like the radio – for many generations. Today, no convincing and credible scientific research has shown that they harm us, “assures the Ministry of Digitization.